Top 10 Things You Don't Know about Somalia Famine 2011
Written on July 24, 2011
- Unicef states that a child dies from malnutrition every six minutes (250 a day) in Somalia. (The Sun)
- 2011 Horn of Africa famine: The United Nations declares a famine in southern Somalia July 22nd. (Al Jazeera)
- By July 23, tens of thousands have already died.
- People are fleeing Somaila in search for food especially to Kenya and Ethiopia. Dadaab, Kenya currently hosts at least 440,000 people in three refugee camps, the largest refugee camp in the world! They are also fleeing al-Shabab areas and heading to Somalia's capital, Mogadishu. Loss of livestock due to drought has caused many to lose their livelihoods and go searching for food. 25 percent of Somalia's 7.5 million people are displaced (BBC). 3,500 people a day are fleeing Somalia. In June alone, 68,000 Somalis arrived in Kenya and 54,000 in Ethiopia searching for food and livelihood and the UN records indicate that 1,700 and 1,300 Somalis are arriving daily in Ethiopia and Kenya respectively. (Al Jazeera) More than 130,000 Somalian refugees have left the country for Ethiopia and Kenya in the first six months of 2011 — more than 50,000 of these in June alone, according to the UN. (CBC news). The Dollo Ado refugee camp in Ethiopia has nearly 114, 500 Somali refugees, with more than 18,000 arriving in July. (CTV News)
- Somalia's Prime Minister Abdiweli Mohamed Ali accuses al-Shabab of preventing people from leaving the region in search of food as central government condemns militants from blocking aid workers. (Voice of America)
The al-Shabaab Islamist militant group in Somalia says a ban on aid groups working in parts of the country remains. (Al Jazeera)
- The organization that would usually help, the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) is banned by al-Shabab from aiding 2.2 million. The Red Cross's ICRC on July 24 have been able to reach 24,000 of these with aid distributing 400 tons to southern Gedo. Medecins Sans Frontiers, are still working in al-Shabab territory. (BBC) The UN refugee agency has distributed aid to 90,000 people in the capital Mogadishu and in southwest Somalia in recent days (CBC news)
- The WFP estimates that 11.3 million people across east Africa urgently need food aid and medical supplies. The UN says it needs $300 million in the next two months to prevent the famine from spreading to all eight regions of southern Somalia, and another $1.6 billion to sustain "essential programs" in the region. (CBC news)
- Britain has given about $146 million in aid, the United States has so far offered an additional $28 million on top of the $431 million in assistance already given this year, Canada has offered an additional $50 million on top of the 22 million already donated, Spain $10 million, Germany $8.5 million and the European Union $8 million. (CTV News) and (CTV News). The World Bank has promised $500 million in aid on July 25. (CBC News)
- Drought, conflict and high food prices are problems.
- Somalia has 9,200 African Union peacekeepers, all of them based in Mogadishu.(CBC News)